Beyond Gallipoli: New Perspectives on ANZAC
Edited by Raelene Frances and Bruce Scates
Much of the scholarship on the Great War, and especially the Dardanelles/Çanakkale campaign, has been viewed through a narrow national prism and focused exclusively on military aspects of the engagement. This new collection of essays offers fresh perspectives from countries on both sides of the trenches of Gallipoli. Examined here are intersections of art and memory, and the role that material culture and museums play in the representation and commemoration of war. The ideas and writing draw on fiction, poetry and diaries, as well as new digital media, which together frame the memory of war. Our ongoing encounter with Gallipoli’s much-contested landscape here takes on new hues and reveals untold stories. Beyond Gallipoli takes an innovative approach to the varied and controversial cultural legacies of an event which continues to shape the identity of Australia, New Zealand and Turkey.
About the editors
Raelene Frances is Dean of Arts and Professor of History at Monash University. She has published widely on the history of work, women’s history, Aboriginal/European contact history, religious and community history and has also co-edited several collections of essays on Australian and New Zealand history, including Labour and the Great War. Her prize-winning books include The Politics of Work, and Women and the Great War (co-authored with Bruce Scates). Her history of prostitution, Selling Sex, was short-listed for the Ernest Scott Prize. She is a Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia.
Bruce Scates is professor of History and Australian Studies at Monash University and Director of the National Centre for Australian Studies. His books include Return to Gallipoli (2006), A New Australia (1997), The Cambridge History of the Shrine of Remembrance (2009) and Women and the Great War (co authored with Raelene Frances) which won the NSW Premier’s History Award. He is the lead author of Anzac Journeys (short listed in the Ernest Scott Prize 2014), World War One: A History in 100 Stories (2015) and The Last Battle: A History of Soldier Settlement in Australia (2016). He is currently leading an international team investigating the history of Anzac Day. He is a Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia and chaired the Military and Cultural History panel advising the Australian Anzac Centenary Board.
About the contributors
Jessie Birkett-Rees is a Lecturer in Ancient Cultures (Archaeology) at Monash University (Melbourne). Jessie is a landscape archaeologist who specialises in non-invasive archaeological techniques and the application of geospatial science to archaeological contexts. Her fieldwork and research have concentrated on the changing relationships between people and landscape in Anatolia, the Caucasus and Australia. Jessie worked as an archaeologist on the tri-nation Joint Historical and Archaeological Survey team investigating the northern Gallipoli battlefields (2010-2014).
Frank Bongiorno is Associate Professor in History at the Australian National University. Since 2011, he has been working with a team led by Monash University on an Australian Research Council-funded project ‘Anzac Day at Home and Abroad: A Centenary History of Australia’s National Day’. He is co-editor of Labour and the Great War: The Australian Working Class and the Making of Anzac and has contributed to several other recent or forthcoming collections on the Great War and its legacies for Australia. His most recent books are The Sex Lives of Australians: A History and The Eighties: The Decade That Transformed Australia.
Kevin Fewster, AM has been Director of Royal Museums Greenwich since 2007. Before moving to the UK he was Director of the Powerhouse Museum and Australian National Maritime Museum (both in Sydney), after starting his museum career in 1984 as inaugural Director of the South Australian Maritime Museum. In a previous life he edited for publication CEW Bean’s Gallipoli diaries and co-authored the book Gallipoli – the Turkish Story (1985 and 2003, with a Turkish edition published in 2005).
Bill Gammage AM is an Emeritus Professor at the Australian National University and Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia. He wrote The Broken Years on Australian soldiers in the Great War (1974+), An Australian in the First World War (1976), Narrandera Shire (1986), The Sky Travellers on the 1938-39 Hagen-Sepik Patrol in New Guinea (1998), and The Biggest Estate on Earth: How Aborigines made Australia (2011). He co-edited the Australians 1938 volume of the Bicentennial History of Australia (1988), and three books about Australians in World War 1. He was historical adviser to Peter Weir’s film Gallipoli and to several documentaries.
Janda Gooding was appointed Assistant Director, Collections, Content and Exhibitions at the National Museum of Australia, Canberra in 2014. Previously, she worked at the Australian War Memorial from 2005-2014 and, as a Curator at the Art Gallery of Western Australia from 1979 to 2005 where she curated many thematic, retrospective and survey exhibitions of Australian and International artists. Dr Gooding completed in 2009 a book Gallipoli Revisited on the importance of First World War battlefield landscapes and the intersection of landscape and historical memory in art and photography associated with Gallipoli. She is currently researching Australia’s First World War official photography program.
Paul Gough is Pro Vice-Chancellor and Vice-President of RMIT University. A painter, broadcaster and writer he has exhibited globally and is represented in the permanent collections Imperial War Museum, London; Canadian War Museum, Ottawa; National War Memorial, New Zealand. Amongst his publications are a monograph on war artist Stanley Spencer: Journey to Burghclere, 2006; A Terrible Beauty: British Artists in the First World War in 2010; Your Loving Friend, the correspondence between Stanley Spencer and Desmond Chute, in 2011, and Brothers in Arms, a study of John and Paul Nash in 2014.
Andrew Hoskins is Interdisciplinary Research Professor in the College of Social Sciences at the University of Glasgow, UK. He is founding Editor-in-Chief of the Sage journal of Memory Studies and founding Co-Editor of the Palgrave Macmillan book series Memory Studies. His latest book (with John Tulloch) is Risk and Hyperconnectvity: Media and Memories of Neoliberalism (Oxford University Press, 2016). Project site: http://archivesofwar.com.
A. Candan Kirişci holds a Ph.D. degree from the Department of Western Languages and Literatures at Bogazici University, Istanbul, Turkey. Her dissertation topic is titled ‘Nation-building and Gallipoli: Representations in Turkish, Australian and New Zealand Literatures’. Articles based on her research have been published in Turkey and New Zealand. Dr. Kirişci has been based in Washington, DC since 2013.
Raynald Harvey Lemelin is a Professor in the School of Outdoor Recreation, Parks and Tourism at Lakehead University, Canada. His research on cultural dissonance and the management of battlefields has been published in journal articles and book chapters, and conference proceedings. Dr. Lemelin has also integrated the management of cultural heritage and experiential education into various tourism field courses offered at Lakehead University.
Jenny Macleod is a Senior Lecturer in 20th Century History at the University of Hull. Her PhD was published as Reconsidering Gallipoli (2004), and she has now returned to the subject of Gallipoli, its commemoration and the relationship between the memory of war and national identity in her new book, Gallipoli, for Oxford University Press. In it she compares the way the campaign has been remembered in all the belligerent nations, including Turkey. She is the co-founder of the International Society for First World War Studies, a network of 300 academics and postgrads from 27 countries.
Sharon Mascall-Dare is an Adjunct Associate Professor of Journalism at the University of Canberra. She is also a BBC World Service documentary producer and a Military Public Affairs Officer serving in the Australian Army Reserve. Her award-winning works include the BBC documentary Anzac broadcast in 2012. Her academic interests focus on journalistic ethics regarding Anzac Day and the Anzac Centenary. Her publications include the Anzac Day Media Style Guides and Not for Glory, which tells the stories of women who have served in the Royal Australian Army Medical Corps from the Great War until the present day.
Jock Phillips was until recently general editor of Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand (www.TeAra.govt.nz). He previously taught New Zealand and American history at Victoria University of Wellington and was the nation’s Chief Historian. He has published over a dozen books of which the most relevant are a history of the New Zealand male stereotype, a study of New Zealand war memorials and a collection of letters from soldiers of the Great War. In 2014 he was given the Prime Minister’s Award for Literary Achievement (non-fiction).
Peter Pierce is an Adjunct Professor in the National Centre for Australian Studies, Monash University. From 1996-2006 he was Professor of Australian Literature at James Cook University. His monographs include Australian Melodramas: Thomas Keneally’s Fiction and The Country of Lost Children: An Australian Anxiety. He edited both The Oxford Literary Guide to Australia and The Cambridge History of Australian Literature. His publications about war literature include Clubbing of the Gunfire: 101 Australian War Poems (co-edited); Vietnam Days; Australia and the Impact of Vietnam and Australia’s Vietnam War (as author and co-editor); and a co-edited anthology of Australian military travel writing, On the Warpath.
Robin Prior is the author of six books on the first world war, most recently Gallipoli: the End of the Myth. He is also an editor of the Oxford Companion to Australian Military History. He was formerly a professor at the University of New South Wales at the Australian Defence Force Academy and is currently a Visiting Professorial Fellow at the University of Adelaide and Adjunct Professor of History at Flinders University. He was elected to the Australian Academy of the Humanities as a Fellow in 2012.
Matthew Ricketson is Professor of Journalism & Creative Writing, University of Canberra. He was previously Media and Communications editor for the Age newspaper and has worked on the staff of the Australian, Time Australia magazine and the Sydney Morning Herald. He is the author of three books and editor of two and is president of the Journalism Education and Research Association of Australia. He is currently a chief investigator on an Australian Research Council project examining the impact of mass redundancies on Australian newsrooms and the reinvention of journalism.
Tom Sear is a PhD candidate at UNSW Canberra at the Australian Defence Force Academy (ADFA.) His thesis examines the role digital and web–based technologies play in the centenary commemorations surrounding World War I. Tom completed honours in history at the University of Sydney, and has worked as a curator and historian. Tom participated in the 2015 commemoration experience on the Gallipoli peninsula.
Gizem Tongo is currently reading for a D. Phil. in Oriental Studies at St John’s College, University of Oxford as Dulverton and Michael Wills Scholar. Her doctoral thesis focuses on Ottoman art during the First World War. In Oxford, she is also affiliated to the Khalili Research Centre for the Art and Material Culture of the Middle East. Her interdisciplinary research interests span history, art history, and literature with a specific focus on the visual culture of the late Ottoman Empire. Her recent publications include “Yusuf Atılgan” in Dictionary of Literary Biography: Modern Turkish Novelists (2013) and “Artist and Revolutionary: Panos Terlemezian as an Ottoman Armenian Painter,” Études arméniennes contemporaines (2015).
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